Return to the VTRC Home Page
Click here to print the printer friendly version of this page.
Page Title: VTRC Report Detail

The contents of this report reflect the views of the author(s), who is responsible for the facts and the accuracy of the data presented herein. The contents do not necessarily reflect the official views or policies of the Virginia Department of Transportation, the Commonwealth Transportation Board, or the Federal Highway Administration. This report does not constitute a standard, specification, or regulation. Any inclusion of manufacturer names, trade names, or trademarks is for identification purposes only and is not to be considered an endorsement.


A Performance Baseline for Stone Matrix Asphalt
Clark, Trenton M.
Reid, Robert A.
Kevin K. McGhee
Year: 2005
VTRC No.: 06-R3
Abstract: In 2003, Virginia launched an expanded commitment to stone matrix asphalt (SMA). By the end of 2004, contracts that encompassed nearly 400,000 tons of SMA had been awarded and most of the material produced and placed. During this 2-year timeframe, more construction districts and contractors were engaged in the design, production, and placement of SMA than at any time in the history of the Virginia Department of Transportation (VDOT). Most were experiencing it for the first time. This report documents many aspects of the 2003/2004 SMA "implementation initiative." It summarizes and presents detailed information on costs and quantities, volumetric properties, compaction, permeability, aggregate quality, and initial functional character (ride and friction) for SMA pavements placed during the 2003 and 2004 seasons. SMA is a complex and expensive HMA material. Carefully documenting (or "baselining") today's experiences and understanding the consequences in terms of lifetime costing are important keys to the continued successful deployment of the best HMA technologies for Virginia. If the cost savings associated with SMA (as identified by the National Asphalt Pavement Association) continue and are applied to only the 14% of VDOT's annual program allotted to SMA in 2005, the fruits of this research can contribute to more than $14 million per year in savings.