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The contents of this report reflect the views of the author(s), who is responsible for the facts and the accuracy of the data presented herein. The contents do not necessarily reflect the official views or policies of the Virginia Department of Transportation, the Commonwealth Transportation Board, or the Federal Highway Administration. This report does not constitute a standard, specification, or regulation. Any inclusion of manufacturer names, trade names, or trademarks is for identification purposes only and is not to be considered an endorsement.


Drinking-Driving Attitudes, Knowledge and Behavior: An Analysis of the First Four Telephone Surveys of the Fairfax Alcohol Safety Action Project
Cheryl W. Lynn
Year: 1977
VTRC No.: 77-R52
Abstract: Four telephone surveys were conducted for the Fairfax ASAP in June and December of 1975 and 1976. During each, 500 ASAP area residents randomly selected from the Northern Virginia phone book were called and were interviewed using standard questionnaires. Differences between survey results were examined through the analysis of individual items and through the construction of five composite scales. The factors assessed by these scales included alcohol experience, alcohol related behavior, alcohol knowledge, alcohol awareness, and attitudes toward bystander intervention. The four samples were similar demographically except for an increase in the representation of single, student age respondents available to be interviewed in the June surveys. There were relatively few differences between responses to the June and December 1976 surveys. The most recent responses were different in some cases from those encountered in the 1975 telephone surveys and in the 1974 household survey. There was significantly less self-reported drinking and driving by respondents in 1976 than in 1974.