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The contents of this report reflect the views of the author(s), who is responsible for the facts and the accuracy of the data presented herein. The contents do not necessarily reflect the official views or policies of the Virginia Department of Transportation, the Commonwealth Transportation Board, or the Federal Highway Administration. This report does not constitute a standard, specification, or regulation. Any inclusion of manufacturer names, trade names, or trademarks is for identification purposes only and is not to be considered an endorsement.

Title:

Field Study of an Integral Backwall Bridge: Final Report
Authors:
Jose P. Gomez
Edward J. Hoppe
Edward J. Hoppe
Year: 1996
VTRC No.: 97-R7
Abstract: Integral bridges offer reduced maintenance expenditures, primarily due to the elimination of deck expansion joints. The design of an integral bridge, however, is complicated by the soil-structure interaction associated with thermal movements. It has been widely recognized that more data on the actual stresses and their distribution within the structure are needed for an optimal design. Current integral designs are often conservative and based on empirical values. This study is an analysis of an integral backwall bridge which was instrumented during construction and monitored for 2.5 years. Field instrumentation included strain gages, temperature probes and earth pressure cells. Data were collected continuously using electronic dataloggers. The results demonstrate a satisfactory performance of the structure; however, some maintenance problems associated with excessive approach settlement were observed. Soil pressures exerted on the back of the integral backwall showed significant daily variation as a result of ambient air temperature fluctuation.