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Laboratory Comparison of Several Tests for Evaluating the Transport Properties of Concrete
D. Stephen Lane
Year: 2006
VTRC No.: 06-R38
Abstract: The transport properties of concrete are a primary element in determining the durability of concrete. In this study, several new test methods that directly measure aspects of fluid and ionic transport in concrete were examined. ASTM C 1543 and ASTM C 1556 provide the means for determining the apparent chloride diffusion coefficient, which is the controlling parameter for chloride ion migration in saturated pore systems. The chloride diffusion coefficient is an important input in service-life models for reinforced concrete. ASTM C 1585 measures the rate of absorption of water into the capillary pore system at a standard degree of saturation and thus provides a measure of fluid ingress and movement in concrete subject to drying conditions. These methods more accurately and completely describe the means of transport in concrete and should help improve the understanding and assessment of these important characteristics.