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The contents of this report reflect the views of the author(s), who is responsible for the facts and the accuracy of the data presented herein. The contents do not necessarily reflect the official views or policies of the Virginia Department of Transportation, the Commonwealth Transportation Board, or the Federal Highway Administration. This report does not constitute a standard, specification, or regulation. Any inclusion of manufacturer names, trade names, or trademarks is for identification purposes only and is not to be considered an endorsement.


Albemarle County Road Orders, 1744-1748
Pawlett, Nathaniel Mason.
Year: 1975
VCTIR No.: 75-R72

The establishment and maintenance of public roads was an important function of the County Court during the colonial period in Virginia. Each road was opened and maintained by an Overseer or Surveyor of the Roads charged with this responsibility and appointed by the Gentlemen Justices. He was usually assigned all the ?Labouring Male Titheables? living on or near the road for this purpose. Major projects, such as bridges over rivers, demanding considerable expenditures were executed by Commissioners appointed by the Court to select the site and contract with workmen for the construction. Where bridges connected two counties, a commission was appointed by each and they cooperated in executing the work.

The Road Orders contained in the Albemarle County Court Order Book covering the period 1744-1748 are the principal evidence concerning the early roads remaining in the records of the County. During this period, Albemarle stretched southward to Appomattox River and west to the ?Ledge? or Blue Ridge and contained all or part of the present Counties of Albemarle, Amherst, Appomattox, Bedford, Buckingham, Campbell, Fluvanna and Nelson. Insofar as possible, all the Orders were extracted verbatim and the capitalisation, spelling and punctuation have been reproduced without any attempt at correction or consistency.